Once ChatGPT is released, many people are afraid that their jobs will be replaced by AI. Recently, foreign media has listed the top 10 high-risk jobs that are most likely to be replaced by ChatGPT.
Since its release last November, OpenAI’s ChatGPT has been used to write cover letters, create children’s books, and even help students cheat.
Chatbots may be more powerful than we thought. Google found that, in theory, search engines would hire the bot as an entry-level coder if it interviewed at the company.
Amazon employees who tested ChatGPT said it did a “very good job” answering customer support questions, was “great” at creating training documents, and was “very strong” at answering queries around corporate strategy.
Recently, Insider worked with experts and compiled a list of the jobs at the highest risk of being replaced by artificial intelligence.
- technical jobs (programmers, software engineers, data analysts)
Coding and computer programming are skills in short supply, but ChatGPT and similar artificial intelligence tools have the potential to fill some of the gaps in the near future.
Technical jobs such as software developers, web developers, computer programmers, coders and data scientists are “quite receptive” to AI technologies “replacing more of their work,” says Anu Madgavkar, a partner at McKinsey Global Institute.
That’s because AI like ChatGPT is good at crunching numbers in a relatively accurate way.
In fact, advanced technologies like ChatGPT can generate code faster than humans, which means less employees can be used to get the job done.
Jobs that require a team of software developers may now require only a few people, says Mark Muro, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution.
Tech companies like ChatGPT maker OpenAI are already thinking about replacing software engineers with artificial intelligence.
Still, Oded Netzer, a professor at Columbia Business School, believes AI will help coders rather than replace them.
“In terms of jobs, I think it’s mostly an enhancer, not a total job replacement,” Netzer told CBS MoneyWatch. “Coding and programming is a good example. It can actually be very good at writing code.” 2.
- media workers (advertising, content creation, journalists)
The editor is shivering
Madgavkar believes that the entire spectrum of media work — including those in advertising, technical writing, journalism and any role involving content creation — could be affected by ChatGPT and similar forms of artificial intelligence.
The reason for this is simple: AI can read, write and understand text-based data very well.
“Analyzing and interpreting large amounts of language-based data and information is a skill that you would expect to be enhanced by generative AI techniques,” says Madgavkar.
In a New York Times op-ed, economist Paul Krugman said ChatGPT may be able to perform tasks such as reporting and writing “more effectively than humans.
The media industry has already begun experimenting with AI-generated content. Technology news site CNET has written dozens of articles using AI tools similar to ChatGPT, although it has had to issue some corrections.
But Madgavkar says much of the work done by content creators can’t be automated.
Each of these occupations involves a great deal of human judgment,” she says.
- legal industry workers (lawyer-assisted, legal assistant)
Like media roles, legal industry jobs, such as paralegals and legal assistants, are responsible for consuming large amounts of information, synthesizing what they’ve learned, and then making it easily digestible through legal briefs or opinions.
Madgavkar says that language-oriented roles like these can easily be automated.
The data is actually quite structured and very language-oriented, so it’s quite conducive to generative AI,” she adds.
But again, AI won’t fully automate these jobs because it requires a degree of human judgment to understand what the customer or employer wants.
“It’s almost kind of like the productivity gains that these professions might get because you can use tools that actually do a better job,” Madgavkar says.
- market research analyst
Artificial intelligence is good at analyzing data and predicting results. That’s why market research analysts may be vulnerable to AI-driven changes.
Market research analysts are responsible for collecting data, identifying trends within that data, and then using what they find to design effective marketing campaigns or decide where to place ads.
Teachers across the country are worried about students using ChatGPT to cheat, but according to the associate chair of the Department of Computing and Information Science at Rochester Institute of Technology, they should also consider their job security.
“ChatGPT has made it easy to teach classes,” he says.
“While it has errors and inaccuracies in knowledge, that’s easy to improve,” he says. “Basically, you just need to train ChatGPT.
- financial (financial analyst, personal financial advisor)
Market research analysts, financial analysts, personal financial advisors and other jobs in personal finance that require manipulation of large amounts of digital data will be affected by artificial intelligence, says Muro, a fellow at the Brookings Institution.
“Artificial intelligence can identify trends in the market, highlight which investments in a portfolio are doing better and which are doing worse, communicate all of that, and then be used by, say, a financial firm to predict a better portfolio using various other forms of data,” Muro said.
These analysts make a lot of money, he says, but part of their job is automatable.
Rochester Institute of Technology’s Shi also told the New York Post that certain roles on Wall Street could also be at risk.
At investment banks, people are hired right out of college and spend two or three years working like robots, doing Excel modeling – you can get artificial intelligence to do that,” he said.
- graphic designers
In a December Harvard Business Review article, three professors pointed to DALL・E, an artificial intelligence tool that generates images in seconds, as a potential disruptor in the graphic design industry.
“Improving the ability of millions of people to create and manipulate images will have far-reaching economic implications, they wrote, and these latest advances in artificial intelligence are sure to usher in a difficult and economically painful time for some whose jobs are directly affected and who have difficulty adapting.”
Accounting is often seen as a stable career, but even employees in this profession can be at risk.
Technology hasn’t put everyone out of work, but it has put some people out of work, said Brett Caraway, associate professor at the University of Toronto’s Institute for Communication, Culture, Information and Technology, on Global News Radio Toronto.
Caraway added that “intellectual work” is particularly likely to be threatened.
“It could be lawyers, accountants,” he said. “This is something new, and it will be interesting to see how disruptive and painful it is to jobs and politics.”
- customer service
You’ve probably already experienced calling or chatting with a company’s customer service and having a bot answer. chatGPT and related technologies may continue this trend.
A 2022 study by technology research firm Gartner predicts that chatbots will be the primary customer service channel for about 25 percent of companies by 2027.