Composition is the basis of a photo, by changing the position and focal length, dealing with the relationship between the elements so that they present the best visual effect in the photo. Composition is the most important part of photography, photographers also put a lot of energy into composition when taking pictures in advance.
Whether the photo looks good, the first glance will look at the composition, whether the subject is clear, whether the coordination between the elements with the overall structure of the photo, lines, texture, light and shadow, etc. whether ornamental.
Today introduces 5 basic composition methods, which can cope with 90% of the shooting scenarios, take a look.
1. The method of composition in thirds
Thirds can be said to be the most basic composition, but also evolved many versions. In short, the picture is divided evenly in accordance with the ratio of 1/3, three parts horizontally and three parts vertically. The main elements are placed on the intersection of two-thirds, which is the visual center of gravity of the picture, more beautiful and attractive.
When there are longer objects such as lines in the photo, you can also arrange them on the three-quarter line, such as horizon lines, buildings, people, etc.. This not only avoids the dullness generated by centering, but also maintains the balance of the center of gravity of the picture, which can be said to kill two birds with one stone.
2. Guiding line composition
The use of lines to guide the line of sight to the subject, forming a strong sense of visual convergence, the line can be a real line, but also a regular change in the extension of objects generated by the imaginary line, this composition is suitable for scenes with depth, such as highways, railroad tracks, flower fields and so on.
3. Symmetrical composition
Symmetrical composition refers to the picture of two parts of the scene, a line or point as the axis of symmetry, in size, shape, color and arrangement of the mutual balance of reciprocity in a form of composition. It is possible that the photographed scene is itself a symmetrical structure, or it is possible that the reflection is utilized. Symmetrical compositions produce a sense of serenity and harmony and have the power to turn ordinary scenes into magic.
4. Centered composition
Thirds is to put the object in a third of the position, while the center composition is to put the object in the center of the picture, these two are not contradictory. Some scenery is not suitable for thirds composition, but for more centered composition, such as when shooting close-ups, you can let the object in the center and try to fill the whole picture.
Sometimes a centered composition can make the photo more impactful, allowing the viewer to focus on the subject, in addition to a more symmetrical and balanced image.
5. Frame composition
As the name implies, frame composition involves constructing a frame in the picture so that the scene appears inside the frame. The frame is like a “circle” drawn in the photo, drawing a circle certainly to let you look at the things in the circle ah. There are many foregrounds that can act as frames, including caves, fences, branches, and other elements. Frame compositions can create a sense of strangeness and make people look at them. When using frames, be careful that the chosen frame is aesthetically pleasing and does not weaken the subject.
6. Triangle composition
Let the object in the photo form a triangle, the object may itself have a triangular structure; may also be through a special shooting angle, so that it becomes a triangle; can also be three points of interest in a triangular distribution, forming an imaginary triangle. Triangles have stability, and the picture taken with a positively placed triangle composition also has a sense of stability, while a triangle placed upside down will have a sense of instability.
7. White composition
In the photo to create a large blank area, through the white highlight the subject, to create a mood, is the white composition. The white composition can create a feeling of solitude, emptiness and silence. When using white space composition, we should pay attention to the balance of the picture, and at the same time, there must be a point of interest in the picture that attracts people’s attention, not all the white space.